Saturday, December 28, 2019
The study of Microeconomics tells us of the different market structures the economy is made of. For the purpose of this paper, we will take an in depth look at three of these such market structures. Monopoly and Monopolistic competitive market along with Oligopoly. We will look at how and why these markets exist in conjunction with the advantages to the producer and the disadvantages to the consumer. As we research Monopoly in detail, compare the monopolistic competitive market and Oligopoly, we will also discuss the Gas market in relation to these types of markets. To begin to understand monopolies, we have researched several things. Why do they exist? What do they do, in response to the economy? Although, we donÃ¢â¬â¢t see many monopolies now due to antitrust laws to prevent monopolies from forming, there are natural monopolies. There are several reasons why monopolies exist. These are known as barriers to entry. Scarce resources with one producer can limit the number o f other firms joining the market as competition. Increasing returns to scale prevents smaller firms from entering an industry because as output rises average total cost falls. This in turn enables these producers to grow and tolerate the monopoly. This is now where a natural monopoly is formed. A single producer of an industry has a large cost advantage over other smaller firms, if they existed in the industry. A natural monopoly includes local water, gas and electricity providers. TheseShow MoreRelatedIntroduction to the Potato Chip Industry1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageseach producing and selling their own products within a monopolistic competitive structure. In other words, the products created and sold were slightly different, so that they were not perfect substitutes for each other. The economic agents as such competed on different segments and were able to implement the prices they saw fit, without creating or sensing influences from the other players in the market. Today however, the structure of the market has changed dramatically, after two lawyers purchasedRead MorePure Monopoly in a Competitive World Essay996 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe perfectly competitive firm is considered the price taker, whereas the monopolistic firm is the price maker, meaning they have control over the price. Pure monopoly does exist in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s business world; we all have had the opportunity to have personal dealings with such companies. This assignment will discuss the various degrees of Ã¢â¬Å"monopoliesÃ¢â¬ and attempt to provide accurate examples, allowing me to share my understanding of the competitive business market. In a competitive business worldRead MoreAnalysis of Microsofts Monopolistic Behavior1127 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAn Analysis of the Microsoft Monopoly Introduction From the pricing practices for its Microsoft Windows operating system (Werden, 2001) to the forced bundling of Internet Explorer on all Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) partners laptops, PCs and server systems (Meese, 1999) Microsoft is considered to be the most advanced and sophisticated in how to gain advantages from monopolistic behavior. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate why Microsoft was investigated for antitrust behaviorRead MoreThe Various Shades Of Monopolies And Perfect Competition1003 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Various Shades of Monopolies and Perfect Competition Robert Sturdevant Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Ã¢â¬Æ' Abstract Monopolies are always known to hold a limited amount of control over its particular market and that gives them the dominant ability to control the prices for its goods or services, or in other words, they represent the market. They indeed have detrimental effects on consumer and social welfare, which is why most do not agree with them. This paper is an attempt to addressRead MoreEco 204 Final Paper1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfree market to combine an already successful business. They have no competition and they are ready to sell! The management consulting firm they hired will take charge of the advertising, the lay-off of employees, and the new way of operating. After hours on hours of research, I have found there are many opinions. What I do know is the term Ã¢â¬Å"monopolistic competitionÃ¢â¬ is easy to confuse with the term Ã¢â¬Å"monopoly.Ã¢â¬ The two models are characterized by quite different market conditions. A monopoly isRead MoreClassification of Market Structure and Its Importance1552 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages CLASSIFICATION OF MARKET STRUTURE AND ITS IMPORTANCE INTRODUCTION In an economy, goods and services are produced for the ultimate satisfaction of the consumers. Therefore, all finished goods and services must be sold to the consumers. The process of exchange of these goods is essential. Thus, market is such a place where buyers and sellers gather in order to buy and sell a particular good or commodity. The term market refers not necessarily to a place but always to a commodityRead MoreThe Market Structures, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly And Monopoly1507 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction A market is a dynamic and restless institution where commercial dealing between buyers and sellers takes place. There are many companies and businesses that run the market. According to how the firm functions and other factors like the number of competitor firms and the type of products produced, the firm is classified into a particular market structure. The other competing firms in the market structure affect the pricing strategies of a particular firm in the same industry. Based onRead MoreWhat Are The Differences Between Market Structures And Will Identify A Group Of Competitive Strategies?1606 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIt is important to apply microeconomics concepts toward the competitive strategies of an organization that operates in respective industry. This essay will evaluate the differences between market structures and will also identify a group of competitive strategies consistent with the market structure that best aligns with the market in which the organization competes. A dditionally, assessing the market structure positively and negatively affects the organization s ability to earn an economic profitRead MoreMonopolies And The Telecommunications Industry1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Monopolies and the Telecommunications Industry A monopoly that is owned, controlled and managed by the government allows maximum benefits to a consumer even much more that a competitive firm may be able to provide. This is because the government may not harbor any intent to earn profit. As a result, it would provide a good even when there is no profit at a very low price so that the good remains available to the consumer. One such example is telecommunications industry, which is a necessity sinceRead MoreEssay on Four Market Structures in Australia865 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIndividual Essay Four Market Structures in Australia. NAME: LKHAGVASUREN KHURELBAATAR ID: EMV 20110 ------------------------------------------------- Individual Essay Four Market Structures in Australia. Introduction Market structure reflects all the most important aspects of the market - the number of firms in the industry, the type of product produced, the possibility to enter and exit of firms, number of customers, the ability of a single firm to influence the market price. The lower
Friday, December 20, 2019
Healthcare industry generates large volumes of clinically related data every minute. It can be in the form of electronic records, scan reports, printed documents, images etcetera. The sources of these records are technologies like CT scan, MRI scan, Ultrasound, ECG, Dialysis, biopsy equipment etc. The objectives of this smart approach are to make this data useful and productive for analysis and study of health patterns and create statistics. A detailed analysis can help the community to get awareness for improved nutrition and hygiene. Objectives Ã¢â¬ ¢ Perform empirical analysis on the data and determine the forecasting power of the collected data to study health patterns Ã¢â¬ ¢ Create statistics based on the information obtained in the form of user friendly charts and graphs Ã¢â¬ ¢ Build an extensive GUI which makes the product understandable and easy to comprehend Ã¢â¬ ¢ Help the customers customize the API to cater their needs. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Design and implement use cases to tailor the needs of the health industry. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Construct a web console with administrative facilities, a customizable dashboard, and a web accessible application for importing and exporting data. 1.2 Problem statement, project motivation, and needs In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, all the information and knowledge is being collected in the form of data. The amount of data is huge, continually increasing and changing. To utilize this data, analyze it and derive useful information out of it, some cutting-edge technologies are being devised. ToShow MoreRelatedCoder Interview1019 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa claim. Many offices have their own most frequently used acronyms and abbreviations that they use to do their coding and billing. There are many acronyms and abbreviations used in all medical practices. Here are some examples: EDI (Electronic Data Interchange): Electronic claims that are sent to a central clearinghouse for distribution for individual carriers. EOB (Explanation of Benefits): This refers to a document that is issued by an insurance company that responds to a claim statementRead MoreInformation Technology And Legal Issues1692 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesInformation Technology and Legal Issues Technological advancements continue to expand worldwide, transforming businesses as it develops, especially in the health care industry. Technology plays a significant role in health care including patient intake, monitoring of data, order entry, and self-care strategies. Handheld devices such as iPhones and iPads as well as Android smartphones and tablets are replacing traditional monitoring and recording systems. Innovations in telemedicine allow patientsRead MoreClinical Documentation Improvement1293 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesemerged as the most vital drive for overcoming the issues associated with maintaining a complete and good sound medical record in the U.S healthcare system. The main focus of CDI is to enhance clinical clarity of the health records which usually involves the process of improving the medical/health records documentation in order to promote effective patient outcome, data quality measures and accurate reimbursement for services and care rendered. For a medical r ecord to be meaningful and mirror the scopeRead MoreRisk Management: Patient Safety1805 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe past few years. Regulatory and professional agencies have specified that patient safety education should be given to healthcare workers to improve health results. The primary purpose of this essay was to gain a better understanding of the present status of patient safety consciousness among those that work in the health care setting... Risk Management Issue Issues related to a lack of patient safety have been going on for a lot of years now. Throughout the first decade of the 21st century, thereRead MoreMy Career Goal Of Advance Practice Registered Nurse1615 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslevel of acuity within managed care environments in the community. Have exceptional leadership and communication skill, with proven ability to increase organization profits through great customer service as an organizational leveraging insurance industry for reimbursement, creative problem solving, attention to detail and persistence Ã¯Æ'Ë Have a strong interest in chronic disease and working with underserved communities and health disparities. As a senior Registered Nurse, Nurse Manager and educatorRead MoreAgeing Population And The Healthcare Industry1176 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGlobally, the ever increasing ageing population is a cost to different societies in respect to healthcare provision. And while this is also a benefit, though not direct, to the society, there is need to manage this ageing population by providing necessary healthcare without harming the need for healthcare to this population. As the aging population rises, expenditure on healthcare becomes burdensome too. This, in essence, impacts negatively on any countryÃ¢â¬â¢s economic and even social bases. One ofRead MoreThe Career Goal Of Advance Practice Registered Nurse1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslevel of acuity within managed care environments in the community. Have exceptional leadership and communication skill, with proven ability to increa se organization profits through great customer service as an organizational leveraging insurance industry for reimbursement, creative problem solving, attention to detail and persistence Ã¯Æ'Ë Have a strong interest in chronic disease and working with underserved communities and health disparities. As a senior Registered Nurse, Nurse Manager and educatorRead MoreEffects Of The Fast Food Industry On Canadians1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages This paper will look at the effects of the fast food industry on Canadians, specifically, the raise of obesity in Canada due to the wide availability of fast foods. This topic is covered by providing a background about obesity, examining the health consequences, the economic impact, and looking at the social impact and the psychosocial impact on individuals diagnosed as obese. The paper was researched by reading about the subject matter in peer-reviewed journals and grey literature. The search termsRead MoreFour Core IT Applications Paper1424 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagestechnology is the study or science of crafting. Clinical information technologies are changing the way healthcare is delivered. Networks of delivery systems and health plan s are being created by research organizations to support innovation and the advancement of technologies in healthcare. This clinical information technology is leaning towards prevention-oriented, consumer driven model of healthcare. Many factors prompt the innovation of new technologies: Consumer demand, clinical accountabilityRead MoreKnowledge Skills Abilities1362 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdistribution in the healthcare industry. As a medical device and capital equipment sales manager, I successfully managed three states within the United States of over 50 hospitals. REVELANT SKILLSÃ AND ABILITIES CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY TESTER AND PERFORMANCE REVIEW BOARD MEMBER I have lead in-depth comprehensive intake assessments and evalutions that included presenting and reviewing all surgical and non-surgical consumer products of Wisconsin, Illinois and Michigan healthcare institutionsÃ¢â¬â¢
Thursday, December 12, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Methodologies In Project Management. Answer: Definition of project methodology The term project methodology was first coined in the early 1960s. Project methodology can be defined as the set of measures that is undertaken by the various business organizations for simplifying and organizing their business proceedings. In the present date, this term is further modified with newer definition. Newer elements and functions are added to this term. A number of definitions have been given by various scholars. As per the scholars, project methodology is the combination of set of specified rules, practices and processes which helps to identify the best plan and helps in the development of the project throughout the implementation process until the project is successfully completed (Parker et al., 2013). Other authors states that the project methodology is scientific, disciplined and systematic method for the successful execution of the respective projects. In other words, project methodology can be described as the model, applied by the project manager for the design and implementation to meet the concerned project objectives (Ralf Mller, 2014). There are number ofproject management methodologies available based on the project requirements. Importance of project methodologies in project management Project methodologies ensure comprehensive and systematic delivery of projects. Utilization of project methodologies helps in making the project less susceptible to the risks that the project might encounter. The methodologies also enable the organization to suspect the risks as well as difficulties that the project might get prone to and in the process it also helps in finding the alternatives to minimize the chances of the risk factors. Project methodology also plays an important role in the operational level. It is considered as the key factor with the help of which the project manager assists the project team to opt for appropriate measure for the successful implementation of the project (Nicholas Steyn, 2017). Apart from this, a well structured and well-planned project is sure to provide quality results.Project management methodologies have been very effective in handling complex projects as well. Comparison between PMBOK and PRINCE2 methodology There are number of project management methodologies available based on the complexity of the project. Some of the common project methodologies are Agile, Waterfall, Prince 2 agile scrum and the methodology prescribed in the PMBOK. One has to choose from the methodology based on his/her project requirement criteria. Differences between PMBOK and PRINCE2 methodology The following points will highlight the key differences between PRINCE2 and PMBOK: PRINCE2 is considered to be more perspective compared to that of PMBOK methodology. The PMBOK methodology gives the knowledge about the best practices whereas, PRINCE2 provides proper framework for the methodology. As PMBOK method is based on identifying the best knowledge for the project it is also known to be knowledge-oriented. On the other hand, PRINCE2 is considered to be process-oriented (Snyder, 2014). PMBOK is useful for gaining expertise of projectmanagement skills as it provides knowledge about project management in structured manner whereas, implementation of the project with the PRINCE2 project methodology do not requires prior project management experience as it is outlined with the required processes. As per the PMBOK approach of project management, the project manager plays a crucial role in decision making process and acts as a central of the team. On the other hand, in the PRINCE2 approach of project management, more power lies in the hands of the team members rather than the project manager (Matos Lopes, 2013). PMBOK is plan-driven whereas the PRINCE 2 approach is case-driven. The PMBOK approach considers the project artifacts as a part of the main deliverables whereas; in the PRINCE2 approach the end products are considered as the main deliverables. In the PMBOK approach more stress is given on the estimating, EVM and critical path techniques whereas PRINCE2 mainly focuses on the product oriented planning, clarity in the assigned roles. PRINCE2 also focuses on providing project assurance (Rose, 2013). Similarities between PMBOK and PRINCE2 methodology The following points draw light on the similarities between the PMBOK and PRINCE2 methodologies are as follows: Both PMBOK and PRINCE2 apply similar risk management approach by identifying, assessing and responding to the risk factors. Both the methodologies focus on the analysis of the risk factors (Tomanek Juricek, 2015). Both PMBOK and PRINCE2 are mainly concerned with six essential aspects of project management. The six aspects include cost, time, scope, quality, risk and the gained benefits. PRINCE2 in relation to project life cycle (PLC) The PLC of PRINCE2 constitutes of seven steps. Each of these steps are carried out under the approval of the project board an under the supervision of the project manager. The seven steps can be categorized in the following ways: Starting the project- This stage involves explaining the purpose that the project serves. In this stage the initial planning of the project is done such as how the project can be executed and the resources required for the project. Project initiation- In this stage the project requirements are addressed. The project lead sets the target for time, cost, scope and quality for the project. Project direction- This step involves the overall process of project planning. Activities such as project initiation, setting the boundaries following the direction and project closure are included in this step. Project control- This step includes dividing the project activities into number of manageable activities. As per this step, the project manager is required to report the work progress and address the problems associated with the project plan and the team manager is required to coordinate the team work (Turner, 2016). Managing the delivery- This step mainly consist of three major activities such as accepting, executing and delivering of the work packages. Stage boundaries management- Each of the stages of project planning is reviewed by the board members and the project managers. The continuity of the project is decided by the board members. This stage mainly comprises of the activities of planning the consecutive stages, updating the project as well as the business plan and presenting the execution plan (Jamali Oveisi, 2016). Project closure- This stage includes project decommission, analyzing the project benefits, evaluation of the reviews, free up the unused resources and final handover of the products to the end users. References Jamali, G., Oveisi, M. (2016). A Study on Project Management Based on PMBOK and PRINCE2.Modern Applied Science,10(6), 142. Matos, S., Lopes, E. (2013). Prince2 or PMBOKa question of choice.Procedia Technology,9, 787-794. Nicholas, J. M., Steyn, H. (2017).Project management for engineering, business and technology. Taylor Francis. Parker, D., Charlton, J., Ribeiro, A., D. Pathak, R. (2013). Integration of project-based management and change management: Intervention methodology.International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management,62(5), 534-544. Ralf Mller, D. B. A. (2014). The impact of project methodologies on project success in different contexts. Rose, K. H. (2013). A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide)Fifth Edition.Project management journal,44(3). Snyder, C. S. (2014). A guide to the project management body of knowledge: PMBOK () guide.Project Management Institute: Newtown Square, PA, USA. Tomanek, M., Juricek, J. (2015). Project risk management model based on PRINCE2 and SCRUM frameworks.arXiv preprint arXiv:1502.03595. Turner, R. (2016).Gower handbook of project management. Routledge.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
Question: Discuss about the Stigma of Mental Illness to Ensure Compassionate. Answer: Introduction Stigma is a shameful mark, characteristic or a discredit put on someone. People living with mental health problems are plagued with stigma and discrimination. In addition, they receive judgment from people and they report stigma as part of them, which is a major hindrance for them to live a normal life (Naomi et al., 2013). The media and the public attitude depict patients with mental health issues as violent, unpredictable, and dangerous, which enhances stigma. Some reports highlighting the negative lives of people with mental issues have been formulated thus encouraging the society to adopt this view and maximize on stigma towards patients with mental issues (Davey, 2013). According to Wake University (2016), eight million people in the United States of America suffer from mental illnesses. Unfortunately, approximately half of this population goes untreated. The underlying issue of stigma can be blamed for this outcome. Many societies have a culture of stigmatizing people with mental illnesses, and the habit is rampant in many places including hospitals. Many people reject this kind of people since it seems they have some kind of oddness(Wake Forest University, 2016). Healthcare systems and hospitals are also blind to mentally ill patients. Moreover, insurance companies provide few insurance coverage for them, which leads to a strange situation where they cannot access adequate treatment. In addition, they have reluctance that hinders them from being diagnosed because they fear being ostracized. It is evident that with such a trend, the society is losing patients who happen to be friends, coworkers, or relatives. Nevertheless, it is a treatable condition when handled with the diligence it deserves( Mental Health Foundation, 2017). Stigma makes mentally ill patients lose their self-esteem and energy to make friends or interact with people. The stigma is so pervasive at times to an extent that the patients never seek medical help (Highland Users Group, 2013). Healthcare professionals deal with mentally ill patients daily, they should be at the forefront in supporting them by courageously taking up the fight against stigmatization. They should guide the patients in realizing their ability to heal and appreciate their strengths despite the condition. In addition, they should discourage the inferiority directed towards them(Davey, 2013). Healthcare professionals should educate other patients and people on the importance of mentally ill patients. Furthermore, they should always share important information so that people can understand the issues they undergo by giving presentations, organizing workshops for mental health awareness, and writing literature that provides knowledge about mentally ill patients (Davey, 2013). Fighting the war on stigmatization is tough. Nonetheless, social stigma can be handled but the tougher war is for governments to adopt reforms against stigma so that patients can appreciate such support (Sarkar, 2014). Literature Review According to the Mayo Clinic (2017), stigma is a condition characterized by an individual who viewed in a negative way by other people in the society because they have a trait that is actually or thought to be a disadvantage. The negative perception portrayed to mentally ill patients is a common habit. Stigmatization leads to discrimination, which may be direct or unintentional, for instance, discriminating people because they are regarded as violent, unstable, or dangerous due to mental illness (par. 3). A study carried out by Zhiyong et al. (2017) on risk factors of stigma directed towards mental health patients among primary healthcare providers in China concluded that there was low incidence of contact between mental illness patients and primary healthcare providers. The contact had to be increased to reduce the stigma, this was to be facilitated by institutional medical educational needs and on job training. The attitude towards mentally ill patients among the primary healthcare providers has a major impact on the rehabilitation of patients and the quality of medical care offered to them (par. 5). The number of patients with mental illnesses has been increasing in many countries. The population of mental illness patients has increased to over 100 million people in China. Mental illness negatively affects the quality of life of a patient, and it has a huge impact of the familys financial burden. A link exists between improving the situation of a patient and the attitude of healthcare workers towards mentally ill patients. The attitude of healthcare workers has a direct role on the behavior of patients in seeking medical care, patients rehabilitation and quality of medical care. Furthermore, it affects the attitude of the public towards mental illness patients (Handerson et al., 2014). Work related variables have been demonstrated among healthcare workers and they are associated with stigma, such as the working environment and the level of income of healthcare providers. It is vital to assume that a satisfactory level of income for the health worker may affects their attitude towards mentally ill patients. In addition, the working environment and the outcome of treatment also affects the attitude of the health worker to the patient, in case the situation got better, the level of stigma by the medical staff decreased, but if the treatment was ineffective the stigma levels increased (Handerson et al., 2014). Studies have revealed that many people would develop a good understanding of mentally ill patients if the contact with them would be enhanced. Furthermore, it would lead to a decrease in the stigma levels. In contrast, people who have a little understanding of mentally ill patients through low communication have a negative attitude and therefore a higher incidence of stigma to them. Stigma is also reduced through a direct contact with a discriminated group, influence from the mass media and interaction with other groups (Corrigan Watson, 2012). Objectives of the research study. The objective of this research study is to examine stigma faced by patients mental health issues in acute care hospital wards. In addition, it explains the relationship between stigma faced by mentally ill patients and primary healthcare providers such as nurses and healthcare workers in psychiatric departments. The study also discusses the factors that influence attitudes of health workers to stigmatize mentally ill patients. Finally, the research study provides interventions for fighting the vice. The research study was a descriptive study, questionnaires were used on 119 nurses working in various acute hospital wards in Victoria State, Australia. The questionnaires measured the characteristics and levels of stigma in mentally ill people in three components: the emotional, cognitive and behavioral components. The questionnaires also examined the factors that encouraged nurses to stigmatize mentally ill patients. Data collected was analyzed using the SPSS statistical software to determine statistical significance, correlations between variables and analyze statistical data that provided results for the study. 72.5 percent of the nurses representing a majority group had a medium level of stigma towards mentally ill patients. 48.8 percent had an inclination towards social isolation of patients. 62 percent of the nurses had a positive emotional response towards the mentally ill patients, this is a majority number. The percentage of nurses with stereotypical views was 27.5 percent. Furthermore, the results of the research study showed that there was a significant correlation between the experience of living with a mentally ill patients and relationship of the nurses to mentally ill patients with discrimination and prejudice towards the patient. There was also a correlation between prejudice or discrimination and work performance in the ward. Finally, there was a correlation between the stereotypical views and educational degree or level of education of the nurses. The study proved that stigma exists among nurses who work in hospital wards for mentally ill patients. For instance, Ebrahimi et al (2014) in his study of stigma among nurses towards the mentally ill patients in wards of hospitals in Iran revealed an existence of stigmatization towards such patients among the nurses working in Tabriz, Ardabil and Urmia hospitals. This study contradicted a study by Chamber et al., which stated that nurses had positive attitudes towards mentally ill patients (par. 15). Various countries provide different results in reference to stigmatization, results from Portuguese nurses were positive while those from nurses in Lithuania was negative. The results are due to issues such as mental health services offered or facilities in hospitals. For instance, the number of beds and the ratio of a nurse to a patient affects clinical work of the nurse in providing healthcare services. In addition, these experiences finally affect the attitude of the nurses towards mentally ill patients in wards (Martensson et al., 2014). Results from this research study showed that 27.5% of the nurses had high stereotypes toward their patients, which can be supported by results from a study of Oguntade in which large number of nurses showed a tendency to apply restriction and discrimination towards mentally ill patients. This result was consistent with results from other research studies that have always been carried out. A research study of Omidrav conducted on citizens of Tehran revealed that there was also a tendency for distance to exist between the two parties. Social culture affects the attitude of nurses towards mentally ill patients and therefore stigma exists in lots of areas in peoples lives either at work or in school (Ebrahimi et al., 2012). Education has not been able to reduce attitudes towards stigma on a significant level, although education increases an individuals awareness about mental health issues. The research study showed that masters and bachelors degree holders had fewer incidences of stereotyping mentally ill persons unlike the licensed nurses. Nevertheless, dependence on education to create a positive view in those with a negative attitude is not enough. Furthermore, it showed that educational degrees do not have a significant difference in behavior and emotional components. In conclusion, education needs to be coupled with a direct or personal contact with patients in order to fight stigma in hospital (Ebrahimi et al., 2012). Recommendations Modification of educational programs regarding mental health in nursing schools would be a fundamental initiative in fighting stigmatization. Managers of hospitals need to provide knowledge to nurses through in service training and give healthcare providers direct information about reducing stereotypes towards the patients (Schwatz Center, 2015).The managers can also initiate support mechanisms in which mental health patients can be incorporated , successfully treated patients can have individual experiences with nurses. This will go a long way in reducing stigma and stereotype patterns (Ebrahimi et al., 2012). Moreover, the main course of action that can be undertaken to reduce stigma is to recognize actions and attitudes. Healthcare professionals need to undertake measures to stop any negative stereotypes directed to people with mental health problems. This issue can be addressed if patients, nurses and other healthcare professionals can be thoughtful of their words. Words spread stigma that is culminated in peoples minds and later converted into actions. Sensitive and accurate words should be used towards mentally ill patients. Moreover, any other avenue that enhances stigma should be silenced. In addition, campaigns should be enhanced especially in the media to fight stigma (Tawiah et al., 2015). Change can be felt on the horizon about the measures undertaken to curb stigmatization. Prominent people such as the former U.S president, Barrack Obama have taken up the initiative to support an end to stigmatization of mentally ill patients .Organizations such as the National Alliance on Mental Illness is tirelessly fighting to reverse the norm and make people appreciate and promote acceptance of people with mental illnesses. Furthermore, the organization also fights for better treatment of these patients without fear or shame (Kiima Jenkins, 2010). Conclusion The research study has revealed a correlation between the individual experiences of nurses and stigma faced by patients with mental issues in hospital wards. Various factors enable nurses or healthcare providers to stigmatize mentally ill patients. They include; hospital conditions, levels of education of nurses or healthcare providers, contact, and outcome of treatment. The research paper recommends various measures to be undertaken so that the stigma can be stamped out. They include modification of educational programs to include studies on stigma and educating nurses on the importance of fighting stigma within the wards. Nurses and health workers should also be at the forefront in fighting stigma. Finally, stigma faced by patients with mental issues needs to be stopped since it affects the patients negatively. References Mental Health Foundation. (2017, July). Stigma and dicrimination. Retrieved September 22, 2017, from https;//www.mentalhealth.org.uk/a-to-z/s/stigma-and-discrimination Schwatz Center. (2013). Overcoming the stigma of mental illness to ensure compassionate care for patients. Massachusetts: Swachtz Center. Corrigan, P. Watson, A. (2012). Understanding the impact of stigma on people with mentall illnesses. World Psychiatry Journal , 1 (1), 16- 2ss0. Davey, G. (2013). Mental Health and Stigma;Mental Health symptoms are still viewed as threatenung and uncomfortable. Retrieved September 22, 2017, from https://www.psychology.com/blog/why-we-worry/201308/mental-health-stigma Ebrahimi, H., Namdar, H., Vahidi, M. (2012). Mental illnesses stigma among nurses in psychiatric wards of teaching hospitals in the north Western Iran. Iran Journal of Midwifery., 17 (7), 534 - 538. Highland Users Group. (2013). The Stigma of Mental Illnesses. Inverness: Highland Publishers. Handerson, C., Nobleh, J. Clement, S. (2014). Mental Health related stigma in healthcare and mental healthcare settings. 6 (46), pp. 467-482. Kiima, L. .Jenkins , P. (2012). Mental Health Policy in Kenya:an intergrated approach to scaling up equitable care for poor populations. International Journal of Mental Health Systems , 14 (2), 19. Martensson, G., Jacobson, J., Engstorm, M. (2014). Mental health nursing staff's attitude towards mentall illnesses, an analyses of related factors. Journal of Psychology and Mental Health Nursing. , 21 (9), 782-788. Mayo Clinic. (2017). Overcoming stigma of mentall illnesses. Retrieved September 23, 2017, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illnesses/in-depth/mental-health/art-20046477 Naomi, S. Shevensky, Y., Baidini, A., Max, L. Tali, Z. (2013). Stigma, Discrimination and Mental Health in Israel: Stigma against people with Psychiatric illnesses and against Mental Care. Tehran: Myers-JDC-Brookdale Institute Publishers. Tawiah, P., Adongo, P., Aikin, M. (2015). Mental Health .Related stigma and discrimination in Ghana ;Experience of patients and their caregivers. Ghana Medical Journal , 49 (1), 1-7. Wake Forest University. (2016). The issues of stigma in Mental Health. Retrieved September 23, 2016, from https://counselling.online.wfu.edu/resources/articles/the.issue-of-stigma-in-mental-health. Zhiyong, Q., Wang, Y., Xiaoxhiua, W., Weijun, Z. Liang, X. (2017). Risk factors of the stigma towards psychiatric patiemts among primary healthcare providers in China; A country study. Retrieved September 22, 2017, from https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-017-121S-4 Sarkar, J. (2014). A New Mental Health Act for India; An ethics approach. Indian Journal of Psychiatry, 46(2), 104 114.